February 2012 | APAR Training

The introduction and the use of APAR (Alat Pemadam Api Ringan – Light Fire Extinguisher) is one of the series of health and safety training for employees of PT. Beton Elemenindo Putra. By working together with CV. Wahana Jaya, on February 10, 2012, we had the opportunity to practice how to extinguish the fire using portable extinguisher. With an explanation of basic knowledge about fire, we became more aware about the causes of the onset of fire, how to extinguish fires at the start, securing the location of fire, and the evacuation process.

The occurrence of fire is caused from the combination of three elements, namely heat, combustible materials, and oxygen (O2), better known as fire triangle. APAR is defined as fire extinguisher which is portable, fast, and available in the early treatment in case of fire. Fire is classified into four classes: fire caused by solid objects, such as paper and wood (class A), fire caused by flammable liquids such as gasoline (class B), fire caused by electricity (class C), and fire caused by metals such as magnesium and sodium (class D).

For these types of fire of different causes, APAR type used is also different. For a class A fire extinguisher, the APAR used can be water. Water cannot be used to extinguish fire caused by electricity, because of its conductivity properties, as well as fire caused by flammable liquid because of the possibility of a reaction between the water and the burning liquid. Fire caused by electricity and flammable liquids can be extinguished using carbon dioxide (CO2), whilst the extinguisher using dry chemical can be used to extinguish the fire for all classes of fire (A, B, C and D).

We correlate the understanding of the state of emergency with the condition in our factory. Because many things can trigger fire, it makes us more careful. This cautious attitude should start with us, such as not smoking in the factory area, and reviewing the firefighting facilities that have already existed. In PT. Beton Elemenindo Putra, APAR facilities for early treatment fire are adequate. We installed the APAR at all points identified having a risk of fire, thermatic automatic extinguishers across the roof of the production area, as well as smoke detectors.

After the example of how to extinguish fire was provided by the instructor, all staffs had the opportunity to “play with fire” and put it out with the available APAR tools. That day, we suddenly became familiar with APARs that we usually only see hanging at the corners of the production area. The training was very useful. The ultimate goals we want to achieve from this training are to equip ourselves with knowledge of the handling of emergency fire conditions, to improve the quality of health, to instill caution, and to have self-awareness to all the things that can cause fire.

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